Call 911 Good Samaritan Policies
What is a Campus Good Samaritan Policy?
A campus Good Samaritan Policy (GSP) is a life-saving measure designed to prevent students from hesitating to call for medical assistance in the event of a medical emergency related to alcohol or other drugs. Colleges and Universities without a GSP in place increase the likelihood that life-threatening emergencies on campus become fatal because many students are hesitant to alert authorities during medical emergencies because they fear harsh disciplinary responses to substance use violations.
A comprehensive GSP Includes:
- A clearly worded, easily accessible, effectively enforced policy which is well known among the student body, campus administration, and campus public safety officers. GSPs are only effective if they guarantee amnesty in writing (usually in the student code of conduct) and the policy is widely publicized. If a school has the unwritten practice of excusing students from punitive consequences during emergency situations, but students don’t know about it, then it is like having no such policy at all.
- Amnesty from disciplinary actions for the person experiencing the medical emergency, the person(s) who notify authorities, and any other bystanders, as a maximum effort to promote fast action responses. Policies that do not cover all students are ineffective, it is important that protection be given to everyone.
- Amnesty from disciplinary action for all violation of all substance policies, not just alcohol policy violations. A GSP that only grants amnesty for alcohol-related emergencies is incomplete as it does not address medical emergencies related to other substances.
- Applies educational sanctions vs. disciplinary sanctions. Students are less reluctant to call for medical assistance as they aren’t fearing expulsion or suspension. In addition, educational sanctions may provide students with the information they need to avoid medical emergencies in the future and to share this information with their peers as a peer educator.
- The state of Georgia has a particularly good GSP, view the state law here. Special thanks to SSDP Chapter Leader, Jeremy Sharp, for leading the campaign that put this policy in place.
Why Good Samaritan Policies are Important
GSPs Help Prevent Alcohol Overdoses
Alcohol consumption on many college and university campuses is widespread. Since the legal drinking age in the United States in 21, patterns of consumption for many underage students often include episodes of heavy drinking that contribute to a range of negative consequences, including alcohol overdose and poisoning. Even though alcohol poisoning can lead to a fatal outcome, many students refrain from contacting emergency services due to a threat of judicial consequences resulting from enforcement of the minimum drinking age or other policy violations.
GSPs Help Prevent Overdoses of Other Substances
Many colleges and universities have enacted life saving measures for alcohol overdoses but do not include other substances. If your school is one of these, you should focus on a campaign to expand the policy to include all substances.
Steps For Pursuing a Good Samaritan Policy Campaign
1. Identify Decision-makers & Stakeholders at your Institution
The first step to introducing a Good Samaritan Policy is to arrange a meeting with your institution’s policy makers. This could be school administration, student government association, campus health services or all of the above. Be sure to talk to your Outreach Coordinator if you need help determining who you should reach out to first. (Get 15 CAT points for “Develop campaign plan with Outreach Coordinator”)
2. Meet with Decision-makers and Introduce the Policy
Once you have determined who you should be meeting with, schedule a meeting to unveil the policy. During the meeting, rationally and logically present the proposed policy, be sure to use facts and statistics and present your policy brief. Please use our sample policy brief as a template! (Get 20 CAT points for “Meet with Decision Makers”)
3. Leverage Your Meeting into Results
There is a chance that whatever decision-makers you are meeting with will agree with your proposal. If you can get them to take on the issue with you, you may not have to organize a large and involved campaign in your own. If you sit down with decision-makers and they deny your request, you can show them some of your ambitious campaign plan with the hope of prompting them into trying to negotiate a compromise with you right then and there.
4. Organize a Campaign
If the policy-makers reject your initial proposal then it is time to launch and execute an effective campaign for policy change. For a successful campaign, you will need others to help work on the campaign. This will include each of the following components:
- Amplify your Fellow Students’ Voices
- A major goal of your campaign is to make sure that students’ voices are heard by those that need to hear them. While many students will agree with your position, most of them will probably feel too busy to contribute lots of time and energy to the campaign. You’ll need to make it as easy as possible for them to speak out and send messages to the decision-makers responsible for setting the campus drug policies. This tactic is called grassroots lobbying, and it is extremely effective in amplifying your concerns.
- Create a List of Supporters & Allies
- Be sure to have a working list of students and allies who support your efforts. The more supporters you gain the more effective you will be at showing the administration how serious this policy change effort is. Compile a comprehensive electronic list of your supporters & allies so that you’ll be able to easily mobilize them when it’s time to act. A good way to build your list is to get people to sign petitions that ask them to put down their name, email addresses and phone numbers and let them know that you’ll be contacting them at a future date to get involved with the final push. When it comes time to mobilize people, you’ll be able to send out a blast email that concisely outlines what you need them to do and when you need them to do it.
- Contact your outreach coordinator to have them put together an action center like we did in Ohio.
- Or: write an action center yourself and get 25 CAT points for “Write an Action Center for SSDP Staff”
- Advertise the Campaign to Generate Interest
- To win over the campus community, you’re going to have to let them know what the issues are and why they should agree with you. One of the early things you should do is flood the campus with some flashy, eye catching flyers that clearly and concisely convey the importance of your proposed Good Samaritan Policy. The flyers should include contact information and date of an upcoming meeting so that people who want to get involved with the campaign can find out more about it.
- Build a Coalition of Support on Campus
- Find as many ways as possible to involve your SSDP chapter members as well as any other students on campus who express interest in pursuing and enacting a medical amnesty policy. Other student organizations, student government association members, Greek Life organizations, faculty members, campus public safety, campus health professionals and campus media (such as a school newspaper) are all potential allies. You can also ask your professors if they’ll let you make a quick announcement at the beginning or end of classes. The key is to be able to demonstrate a large measure of support in order to apply pressure to any relevant decision-makers who can help with the process of enacting an effective policy. (Get 10 CAT points per allied organization for “Build/maintain relationships with other orgs on campus”)
- Search for Allies Beyond Campus
- Try to get outside organizations to officially endorse the policy changes you want to make, since it will boost your campaign’s authority and effectiveness to have a large, diverse list of supporters. It’s also helpful to reach out beyond campus to local and statewide organizations, such as ACLU chapters. These groups can bring credibility and resources to the campaign that you wouldn’t otherwise have. Another way to identify your supporters is to hold a community forum for people to share their thoughts on the campus’ drug policies. Other influential individuals you’ll want to reach out to include alumni, trustees, donors, state and local elected officials, and parents.
- Take Action
- Host a phone bank or organize a phone slam. This is a method that floods decisionmakers offices’ with dozens, hundreds, or even thousands of phone calls. You can make this happen by printing thousands of quarterpage flyers that have phone numbers and sample scripts on them. You can distribute these by setting up tables in a high-traffic area of campus, such as the student union or the green.
- Organize an email blitz. You can distribute administrators’ email addresses and ask students to draft their own messages and send individual emails, or you can set up an online action alert center where students simply enter in their contact information and email messages are automatically generated.
- Hold a Rally, Forum or Symposium about GSPs and Overdose Prevention. Work with your SSDP chapter and any allies to hold an event on campus highlighting the importance of GSPs and how they enhance safety for students on and off of campus. (Get 20 CAT points for “Host a Campaign-themed event. (Get 20 CAT points for “Host campaign-themed event”)
- Student Government Resolution
- An easy and effective way to demonstrate the student body’s opposition to bad campus drug policies is to have your student government pass a resolution calling for reform. This will not only send a message to decision-makers, but it is likely to generate media interest as well. If you can’t seem to get the student government on your side right away, a long term strategy is to take over the body by running a slate of candidates on a student safety/student rights platform. (Get 20 CAT points for “Pass a student government resolution endorsing policy reform”)
- Feel free to use our sample student government resolution!
Brokering a Deal with Administration
If your institution’s decision-makers agree with your initial proposal, or they are compelled to do so because of your campaign, it is time to bring your policy change proposal back to the table for negotiation. Obviously, you’ll want all of your demands to be fully met, but it’s more likely that you’ll need to compromise and meet the decisionmakers somewhere in the middle. You’re going to have to be careful to not let them take advantage of you and trick you into agreeing to something you don’t really want. You’ll also have to make sure you’re accurately portraying and defending the concerns of the coalition you are representing. Make sure not to sign off on a deal that will alienate any part of your coalition. In any case, you’ll want to start by asking for exactly what you want. Then, if necessary, you can work your way down to a mutually acceptable compromise. (Get 50 CAT points for “Policy changed or adopted”)
- Frequently Asked Questions (.doc)
Data & Information
- List of schools with Good Samaritan policies (Updated AUGUST 2015) – Many Public & Private Colleges and Universities Have Enacted GSP. According to SSDP’s research, 230 out of 400 colleges and universities surveyed in 2015 have enacted some form of medical amnesty on campus.
- States with Good Samaritan Laws
- Informational post card (inside) (.pdf)
- Informational post card (outside) (.pdf)
- “Calling for Help” Poster
- Alternative poster (.pdf) – designed by Gunter Jones
Documents to Help you in your campaign
- Letter to the Editor (.doc)
- Petition (.doc)
- Press release (.doc)
- Student Government Resolution (.doc)
- Campus Change Campaign Grassroots Guide (Online) (PDF)
Scholarly Studies & Articles
- International Journal of Drug Policy, Safety first: A medical amnesty approach to alcohol poisoning at a U.S. University , Deborah K. Lewis ∗, Timothy C. Marchell Gannett Health Services, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, United States