Introduction

Students for Sensible Drug Policy advocates for campus policies which center student health, safety, and education rather than punitive enforcement of laws and campus regulations which deny students access to education and needlessly expose young to the dangers of the carceral system, law enforcement practices such as the use of confidential informants, and overdose.

Every weekend across the U.S., 21 million college students make choices about how they are going to party. Will it be a sober night, or will they choose to consume alcohol or another drug of unknown origin, potency, or composition regardless of rules or prohibitions against doing so? Based on government data about drug use, we can conservatively estimate that, each month, 12 million students choose to consume alcohol, 4 million choose to use marijuana, and another 4 million will choose another drug.

Colleges and universities are obligated to protect the lives of students in loco parentis and must acknowledge the plain fact that students will use — and sometimes misuse — drugs and alcohol despite decades of efforts to eliminate such behaviors. Drug policies based in harm reduction ensure the millions of students who will inevitably choose to use alcohol or other drugs have a better chance of safely making it to graduation.

Throughout the nation, colleges have been embracing practices that focus on safeguarding, rather than punishing, students who abuse alcohol or illicit drugs, often at the suggestion of students themselves. Such institutions stress that their intent is not to be permissive, and that their rules against underage drinking and illicit-drug possession remain in effect. Nevertheless, faced with the persistent risk of alcohol-related student deaths, a national upsurge in opioid overdoses, and nationwide spates of medical emergencies among consumers of “club drugs,” the colleges have been showing a willingness to suspend enforcement of their rules if necessary to keep students from being harmed.  – Schmidt, Peter (2016, September 13). Colleges Embrace Streetwise Tactics to Prevent Substance-Abuse Deaths. The Chronicle of Higher Education. http://www.chronicle.com/article/Colleges-Embrace-Streetwise/237763

Students for Sensible Drug Policy publishes the Campus Drug Policy Gradebook as a resource for students, administrators, and other members of campus communities who seek to ground their approach to drugs in health, safety, and education.

Campus Policy Grading Criteria

Medical Amnesty Policies (35 points)

A full medical amnesty policy is defined as an explicitly stated and publicized policy which protects victims,callers, and bystanders in alcohol and drug related emergencies from legal or school sanctions. Medical amnesty policies save lives by removing the fear of calling for help during alcohol or other drug related emergencies, greatly increasing the likelihood that such an event is survivable and, in the case of ongoing substance misuse, a student will participate in counseling and thereby reduce the risk of additional events.  

FERPA and parental notification

Under the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA), schools are permitted to contact a student’s parents or guardians without the student’s consent when he or she has violated laws or institutional policies regarding the use of alcohol or drugs. As such, even if  “parental notification” is not a listed sanction for a particular school, such notification is still possible. We acknowledge parents or guardians can provide an important support for students struggling with alcohol or other drugs. However, parental notification assumes parents are equipped to handle a complex health problem, the student-parent relationship is characterized by healthy communication, and the relationship with the parent or guardian is not a contributing factor to drug misuse. Additionally, such laws violate the privacy of legal adults, undermine the relationship of trust between students and their school, and discourage students from seeking help from campus health resources.

Drug Education and Information (20 points)

The most effective drug education is evidence-based, founded in the principles of harm reduction, readily available via multiple delivery channels, and delivered by peers. SSDP’s Just Say Know peer-to-peer drug education meets these criteria and is available on campuses nationwide.

Naloxone access on campus (10 points)

The opioid overdose reversal drug Naloxone should be available from the student health center and carried by resident advisors and campus safety officers.

Sanctions for use or possession of alcohol and other drugs (15 points)

Academic, legal, or financial sanctions for use or possession of drugs do not reduce drug use, and particularly do not reduce problematic drug use. Instead, they isolate and stigmatize drug users and impede their ability to succeed. Ideal policies are built on supportive, stabilizing strategies such as evidence-based counseling and do not, in the absence of other dangerous behavior, contain the types of sanctions historically relied upon by institutions such as eviction, suspension or expulsion, forced treatment, or mandatory fines which could lead to such sanctions.

Resident advisor discretion (10 points)

Resident advisors should be trained to recognize the signs of problematic drug use and responsible for providing support in such cases but should be permitted discretion in all others. They should not be permitted to engage in violations of privacy such as bag searches.

 

Additional criteria

  • 5 points: The student government is able to pass resolutions changing or requesting changes to campus policy
  • 4 points: The campus offers a complimentary safe rides program
  • 1 point: The campus does not have an absolute smoking ban

A note on federal funding, compliance with law, and drug policies

It is commonly believed that colleges and universities must maintain and enforce punitive drug and alcohol policies to maintain funding.  In order to receive federal funding and comply with the Higher Education Act, schools are required to state their policies regarding drugs and alcohol. Many colleges also list the possible legal penalties for alcohol and drug violations. As these statements are required to receive funding, the statements are not interpreted to be relevant to the relative stringency of campus drug and alcohol policies.